Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic disease that affects through one’s whole life. ADHD is common in school-age children, will continue to adolescence and adulthood, and has a wide negative influence on one’s academic, career and social life.
The etiology and pathogenesis of ADHD is unclear, but there is ample evidence that ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which is a syndrome caused singly or synergistically by a variety of biological factors (including genetic factors, environmental factors, brain development abnormalities, etc.), psychological factors, and social factors.
ADHD is mainly characterized by distraction which does not match with age, reduced attention span, excessive activity and emotional impulses regardless of occasion, accompanied by cognitive impairment and learning difficulties, and intelligence is normal or near normal. The core symptoms of ADHD include attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
There are two main methods of ADHD management: (1) pharmacological treatment; (2) non- pharmacological treatment: including behavioral therapy, parent training, etc.
For more information see your Doctor or Healthcare Professional.
鄭毅, 劉靖主編. 中國注意缺陷多動障礙防治指南(第二版). 中華醫學電子音像出版社. 2015.
CP-89409 Approved date 2019-5-10